This unit provides the broader cultural and political context to help students understand educational equity—why inequities exist, what they look like in everyday settings, and how they can be addressed in through the implementation of laws, policies, and through educators’ everyday practice and interactions. The unit begins with an overview of the purposes, history, and landmark court decisions and legislation in educational rights cases. It examines how schools are funded and governed from federal to local control. These are presented as the broader ethical, political, and legal aspects of investigating educational opportunity as a foundation for students to consider how they play out in school and how their actions as students, future teachers, and citizens can address educational equity. This unit follows an exploration of culture and identity that includes a focus on discrimination and bias, and extends that focus by considering how these issues affect students’ learning and development in schools.